Mount Damavand Climbing Guide

iran tour operator trekking mount damavand

Iran tour operator trekking,hiking,climbing on mount damavand highest volcano og middle east

Iran Highest Mountain and Highest Volcano of The Middle-East

Mount Damavand or (Kooh-e-Damavand in Persian) is an extinct volcanic peak of the Alborz Mountain ranges in northern part of Iran, Damavand summit is about 70 km northeast of Tehran and 70 km south of the Caspian Sea. Damavand volcano is a majestic stratovolcano that built up of alternate layers of lava and ash more than 600,000 years ago. Damavand height estimates from 18,400 feet (5,610 m) to 18,600 feet (5,670 m) and it is the highest peak of Iran and Middle-East. Mount Damavand annually hosts thousands of hikers and climbers from Iran and others countries who want to reach the highest volcano of Asia (read more in “Highest Single and Cone Volcano of Asia“). That’s how Mount Damavand is one of the attractive and charming summits for hikers, mountain trekkers, skiers and also Air-Sports like paragliders and etc.

Also, Damavand due to its geographical location and its high elevation has created unique natural and environmental areas like Lar National Park.

Damavand summit surrounded by many 3000 and 4000 meters summits of central Alborz Mountain Range. This summits (like Do Berar range) are very accessible and suitable for acclimatization to climb Damavand. Also, they are one of the best slopes of Iran for Ski-touring (ski mountaineering), Backcountry skiing (Off-Piste skiing) and Free Ride Skiing.

Nobody doesn’t know the exact meaning of Damavand word, but it is written in Persian dictionaries that, Damavand got from two separate word, “Dam” that means Smoke or Cloud, and “Avand” that means Magical place. So the meaning of Damavand is a magical place that always covered by Smoke (maybe sulfuric gas) or clouds.

Geology of Mount Damavand

Mount Damavand that today is considered a semi-extinguishing volcano, has a long geological history. The earliest eruptions of Damavand volcano (with more than 400 km3 of trachyandesite lavas and pyroclastic material) began at ca. 1.8 million years ago. This may not have been an extensive eruptive period, or there may have been a long period of dormancy that allowed the erosion of erupted material to occur. At ca. 1.1–0.8 million years ago, a large trachyandesite volcano, broadly similar to the modern cone, existed.

A relatively large-scale pyroclastic eruption occurred at ca. 178,000 years ago, and the corresponding fallout deposits overlie many of the older lava flows. Younger flows (younger than 100,000 years ago) are clearly associated with the morphology of the present cone. The radially disposed of young flows are concentrated on the steep western flanks, perhaps obstructed to the east by the vestiges of the old cone that still presented a topographic barrier. The most recent eruptive episode dated occurred at 7300 years B.P., forming small, morphologically young (unglaciated and unvegetated) flows on the western flanks of the current cone.

  • How High Is Mount Damavand?

There is a difference between the exact height of Damavand Peak between experts and even climbers. Damavand height estimation from 18,400 feet (5,610 m) to 18,600 feet (5,671 m). NASA’s SRTM and ASTER data are both consistent with the official 5610 meters (We did not find a source for this yet!), but you can see that in most of the websites the elevation of Mount Damavand recorded 5671 meters. It seems that the 5671 m measured by mountaineers and has no strong sources.

However, we have no choice but to refer to the official sources. In September 2007, researchers of the Mapping Organization of Iran, during a multi-month study, completed the Damavand elevation points, measured the height of Damavand Peak, which was previously mentioned in books and geographic resources of 5671 meters, 5609 meters and 20 centimeters. The studies of this project were carried out in a profile with five stations in 2000 meters to 5,600 meters. Finally, with a difference of 61 meters and 80 cm, the height of the Damavand peaks of 5, 609 and 20 cm was measured. At all stations in the Damavand Peak, they conducted at least 12 hours of continuous GPS measurement, which can be achieved using the permanent GPS station of the same area with a precision of one centimeter.

So today, we must consider the official height of Damavand Peak at 5610 meters. Although modern and up-to-date GPS shows us a higher altitude. But we still have to wait for more accurate comments from the official authorities to measure the height of the summit.

Mount Damavand is the 12th most prominent peak in the world, and the second most prominent in Asia after Mount Everest. It is the highest volcanic mountain in Asia, and part of the Volcanic Seven Summits mountaineering challenge.

  • The Sulfuric Band or Sulfuric Area in Mount Damavand

As it was said, Damavand is a semi-silent volcanic mountain. On the other hand, Damavand can be said Potentially Active volcano, because it has many powerful fumarolic sulfur vent near the summit in about 5400 m and upper, also Hot Springs around this mountain. Most of this vents which emitted SO2-rich gases at a temperature of about 50°C, are in the southern flank, but because of the wind, they turn around the summit and make difficult conditions for climbers. This pressure becomes more perceptible when you imagine that you are at an altitude of 5500 meters with a lack of oxygen and you should breathe Sulfuric air to continue climbing Damavand summit. Fortunately, this is not a permanent situation, and most of the time, with the prevailing wind blowing from the west, sulfur gases go to the northeast. Otherwise, and when sulfur dioxide is surrounded by peaks, our experienced guides know how to bypass the gas source and bring you easily to the summit.

Most of the time during year, even in winter, there is not too much snow because of the heat of the sulfuric band around Damavand summit.

  • Damavand Icefall

Perhaps one of the most interesting and most famous features of Mt. Damavand is it Icefall that frozen whole the year. This amazing Icefall that placed on South Flank, is in the 5100 m altitude and can be seen from the Polour village or Haraz road in clear weather. The length of Icefall, depends on weather conditions, changes every years and is between 8 to 16 meters. To arrive and visit this icefall, you must turn right and exit the main route (200 meters) in height of about 5000 meters along the southern route of Damavand Peak.

Though some had ice climbing on Damavand Icefall, but because of its high and unstable ice, we do not recommend this to you.

  • Facts & Figures of mount Damavand
Complete NameMount Damavand, Damavand Peak, Damavand Summit
Location in IranAmol, Mazandaran, Iran
Elevation(Official record)5,609.2 m (18,403 ft)
Prominence(height)4,667 m (15,312 ft) 12th highest mountain in the world
Isolation1,165 kilometers (724 mi)
Parent peakMount Elbrus
Parent rangeAlborz – Mazandaran
Coordinates35°57′20″N 52°06′36″
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption~ 7300 Years ago (5350 BCE ± 200)
First ascent905 by Abu Dolaf Kazraji
Easiest routeHiking from Southern flank in summer

 

 Damavand’s edges & Routs

Damavand has 16 known edges and four main paths in South, North, Northeast and West, that are normal routes of Damavand.

Damavand climbing edges are:

directionsLocal NamesdirectionsLocal Names
1NorthDubaicel2SouthGoosfandsara
3EastMallard4WestSimorgh
5NortheastTakhte Fereydoon6NorthwestYale-e-Dagh
7SoutheastMall-Aw-Khoron8SouthwestMine Edge
9South of SoutheastVezminchal Edge10North of SoutheastMallard Edge
11Souuth of NortheastYakhar Edge12North of Northeast

 

 

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13North of Northwest

 

 

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14South of NorthwestVararoo Edge
15North of SouthwestChal Chal Edge16South of SouthwestEspirin Sar Edge

 

 

  • Damavand Vegetation and animals

At various altitudes of Mount Damavand, there are plenty of plants, some of which can be seen only at a certain height. Damavand Mountain is totally covered with Anemone at altitudes of 2000 to 3500 meters. This unique flower is known in the world and has been registered with the name of Shaghayegh-e-Lar in the world’s leading botanical books. Also, this area is very rich in pasture and pastures; even at high altitudes of Damavand (below 4,000 meters) there is not much poverty there. Due to its unique location, which extends from the north to the woods and to the south to the mountains bordered by the disert, this region hosts a variety of animals, including:

  • Hunters:

Foxes, jackals, dogs and wolves are scattered around Damavand. These animals are also seen up to 4000 meters above Mount Damavand. Bears are also present in this area, but they are mostly seen in the west and north, and they stay away from high altitudes.

  • Vegetarian beasts

Whole, ewe, deer, hog, rabbit. Except boars and rabbits, who live in the mountainous plains of Mount Damavand, other animals spend warmer seasons at altitudes and descend as the temperature cools down. These animals can go up to 5000 meters high in Damavand.

  • BIRDS

Hunting birds, golden eagles, owls and bats can be seen in Damavand. Other birds in this region are Teto, Coco, black chest and other birds.

Also Damavand is home to Brown Trout, Mountain Goats, and the Caspian Snowcock bird.

  • Damavand Hot Springs (SPA)

Due to certain geological conditions in the Alborz slopes, especially around Damavand Mountains, there are mineral waters with various therapeutic properties, most notably in the Larijan village, which has created an attractive collection. The village is located on the slopes of Damavand Peak. The warm waters of the village are about 62 degrees saturated with sulfur content and therefore useful for the treatment of various skin diseases, bone pain, joints and rheumatism. There are plenty of hot water baths in the village that attracts a lot of people in different seasons. From Larijan spa springs, about 1000 liters of water is removed every minute, with a temperature of 65-70 degrees Celsius in main spring.

The taste of this water is unpleasant, smells sulfur hydrogen and its color is clear. It also has magnesium bicarbonate salts which is useful for skin diseases, old ulcers and neurological disorders.

  • Damavand Best Climbing Season

Determining the best season of Damavand is directly related to the type and purpose of your trip to Mount Damavand. So, if your goal is mountain trekking and climb the summit, the best season for you, will be in the summer (July & August). If you want to enjoy the nature and flowers of the anemones, you must go to the slopes of Damavand in the spring (April & May). Certainly, for a professional and technical mountaineering, you should come to Damavand in the winter (January & February). The best season for Ski-Touring, Free-Riding, Back-Country (Off-Piste) skiing in Damavand area and mountains around it, is March, April and May. In the beautiful autumn season, you can come to Damavand for bird-watching and wildlife photography tours in the silence and tranquility. So depending on your trip and point of view, you can come to Damavand in all seasons and enjoying its beauty.

  • Damavand Winter Ascent

Regardless of the few meter difference on real height of Damavand, this is an alone and huge mountain with special weather conditions and more than 5600 meters altitude. Damavand has a remarkable rainfall during the winter due to its loneliness. So Damavand ascend in the summer and winter is completely difference and incomparable. In the summer, mountain trekkers go up to Goosfandsara (3000 m), by 4WD cars and start from there, but in the winter, you should walk by feet from Poulor village or Raineh (~2400 m) on asphalt road (10 to 15 km) that covered by more than 50 cm fresh snow to reach the beginning of mountain route. On the other hand, you have to carry all your luggage and stuff personally, because in the winter the mules or porters can’t carrying your loads. So Damavand winter ascend is a real expedition and heavy mountaineering. Because of this, most of the Iranian climbers who want to go himalian mountains, training on Damavand at winter.

Fortunately, Iran Exploration, due to its professional and strong guides, organizing many successful winter ascend on Damavand annually.

  • Part of the Volcanic Seven Summits project

Every year, thousands of mountaineers are trying to climb to different summits of the world. Meanwhile, as many mountaineers try to climb 14 of the 8,000-meter peaks of the world, many of them are struggling to climb seven volcanic summits of seven continents. The Volcanic Seven Summits are the highest volcanoes on each of the seven continents, just as the Seven Summits are the highest peaks on each of the seven continents. Summiting all seven is regarded as a mountaineering challenge, first postulated as such in 1999. Proudly, Damavand is the highest volcanic summit of Asia (read more in “Highest Single and Cone Volcano of Asia”) and part of the Volcanic Seven Summits mountaineering challenge.

  • Damavand in Literature, History & Mythical

Damavand has a special place in mythology in Iran. Its reputation more than anything else is that Fereydoun, from the mythological characters of Iran, dragged Zahak into a cave there, and Zahak was imprisoned there until the end of the world. Some local people near this mountain believe that Zahak is imprisoned in Damavand and believe that some voices heard from the mountains are his moaning.

At the time of the invasion of the Assyrians on the Iranian plateau, this mountain is part of the Median, and is also mentioned in the Assyrian texts. Sargon II had been a landowner to the Damavand Mountains in his squadron. At the time of Asrahodon, the Assyrians were also stationed at the foot of Mount Damavand. But they did not continue to advance because Damavand and their descendants saw the Lut desert as the end of the world.

  • Damavand Shelters & Huts

Mount Damavand has a total of 7 shelters, bivouac and cottages with different facilities (basic facilities) on its main routes (north, south, northeast and west). The rest of the 12 other Damavand ridges do not have any accommodations or bivouac. In addition, there are three guesthouses in Polour village, Raineh town in the south, and Nandal village in the north side of Damavand.

Name and details of Shelters & Huts:

  • Southern route
  • Goosfandsara and Sahib Al-Zaman Mosque, built in 1992 at an altitude of 3000 meters southern edge.
  • Old Bargah-e-Sevom metal Cabin (bivouac), built in 1967 and at an altitude of 4200 southern edge. The metal Cabin was destroyed by the avalanch in the winter of 1972, and after a year, the stone building was replaced. Around it there are places for camping.
  • Old Bargah-e-Sevom shelter (cottage) was built in 2008 and about 50 meters above the old one, on the southern edge. The shelter includes a public storage room, a dining room, a kitchen, electrical energy, a management room, a common bedroom, a private bedroom and a public bathroom.
  • The Simorgh shelter (cottage) was built in 1995 at a height of 4200 m on the western edge.
  • Takht-e-Fereydon metal Cabin (bivouac), which was built in 1976 at an approximate elevation of 4,400 meters from the northeastern edge.
  • Northern route
  • The 4,000-meter metal Cabin (bivouac), built in 1981 at an altitude of 4,000 meters from the northern edge.
  • The 5,000-meter metal Cabin (bivouac), built at a height of 4630 meters, on the northern edge, but is known as the 5,000-meter metal Cabin (bivouac).
  • Damavand main Glaciers

Although Damavand with 5610 meters altitude is high mountain, but its glaciers are not too big, vertical and most of them (except Yakhar glacier) are not suitable for ice climbing.

  • Sioleh glacier (Northern side)
  • Dobicel glacier (Northern side)
  • Arosakiha glacier (Northern side)
  • Yakhar Valley glacier (Northeast side)
  • Northwest glacier
  • Western glacier
  • Damavand Weather & Climate

Damavand is an alone and huge mountain with special weather conditions. The minimum temperature in the Damavand Highlands is – 60 degrees centigrade (in the winter) and to -1 or -2 degrees centigrade (in the summer). The speed of the wind in Damavand sometimes ranges from 150 km / h. Wind speed in the foothills reaches 70 kilometers per hour in bad weather condition. Most winds are from the west and northwest. The average rainfall in the Damavand Highlands is 1,400 mm per year, and rainfall in the highlands are usually snow. The air pressure at Damavand Peak is half the air pressure at sea level.

  • Highest Single and Cone Volcano of Asia

There are many discussions about the highest volcanic peak in Asia. For many years, Mount Damavand was known as the highest volcano in Asia, as long as Chinese introduced the Kunlun Volcanic Group in Tibet and They claimed that these mountains are the highest volcano in Asia. There are several scattered volcanic centers located in Tibet and western China which lie at elevations of 17700-19000 ft (5400-5800 m), potentially placing some of them in contention for the honor of highest volcano in Asia over Iran’s Damavand. However, these very minor volcanic cones are unlikely to meet any reasonable mountaineering standard of prominence (such as 1000 ft / 305 m used here), and thus they have been excluded from this list of Seven Summits. This list seeks to include real volcanic mountains, not minor outpourings of lava that happened to leak to the Earth’s surface in high-elevation regions. Anyway, they are higher than Damavand, but certainly they are not mountain.

  • Damavand Base Camps

According to definitions of Base Camp, and with a little tolerance, it can be said that guesthouses in Polour village, Raineh town and Nandal village are base camps of Mount Damavand. You can book accommodation in this guest houses befor your trip and buying your requirement, foods, fruits in this villages shops, so you don’t need to carrying everything from your own country. Also if you didn’t book accommodation, you can rent a local house in this villages.

  • Damavand Photo Gallery
  • 5 Reasons to climb Damavand
  • Damavand mount is the highest volcano of the Asia and part of Seven Summit Project
  • Damavand peak is the highest point of Iran and you can see the Caspian Sea & Iran Central Desert from the summit
  • Damavand Peak is a symbol of sustainability, a national symbol in the culture of Iran and has been registered as a national monument
  • Mount Damavand is one of the most important and unique ecosystems in Iran and the world, where in the south is border by a dry desert and reaches the rain forests in the north
  • Damavand peak is really easy reachable high mountain, and you can top its summit in few days
  • How Much does it Cost to Climb Mount Damavand

The cost of climbing Damavand is directly related to your trip type. You can buy a high quality tour and reach Damavand summit easily and healthily with the help of experienced guides. Or try to organize your own plan, carrying all the stuff by yourself and climb without guide. Also pricing for tours in Damavand are difference as who want to organize your tour! An experience and businesslike tour operator or local guide!!!

Totally, you can climb Damavand peak by a cost up to 400,00 euros with full board and high quality services (depends on your itinerary, seasons, and your group numbers, the price changes).

  • How long does it take to climb Mount Damavand?

Climbing Damavand are absolutely depends on your readiness, physical fitness, seasons, acclimatization and weather conditions. In the summer time, the best and guaranteed itinerary to climb Damavand peak takes 4 to 5 days. At winter climbing Damavand takes more than 7 days. Of course some strong and acclimatized climbers sky runners can top summit from the asphalt road in less than 24 hours.

  • Stay Safe on Damavand

The most important point in climbing Damavand is acclimatization process. If you acclimatize well, you don’t have any problems, climb Damavand summit easily and safe. The second key is using expert and professional mountain guide for climbing Damavand. They know everything about their mountain and has too much experience. If you have a guide, you don’t need anything except trust your guide. The last important point to be safe on Damavand trekking, is paying attention to the forecast. Damavand is a cone shape and alone mountain, so the weather are changes too fast and unexpected. As our experiences on Damavand trekking, we strongly recommend you to book your wishes tour in Iran Exploration website, then you can climb Damavand easily and safe, with no worries of booking accommodation, food supplies, weather conditions and anything more. Just rest and climb.

  • Training to Climb Damavand

Training and exercises to reach the best fitness for trekking Damavand is relevant to your age, health and experience in mountaineering.

Suggested preparation; 1 hour of aerobic exercise, three to four times a week and extended periods of exercise during the weekend will accustom you to regular exercise. Hill walking with a pack in variable weather conditions will be beneficial if you are taking part in a trekking Damavand. running or road cycling is also recommended depending upon the activity you plan to undertake.

  • What Gear do I need to climb Damavand?
  • Luggage:

Duffel bag (Carrying by 4WD cars or leave in Hotel/Guesthouse), Daypack (to carry camera, water bottles, extra clothing, Lunch box), Luggage tags and locks

  • Camping Gear: Sleeping bag and stuff sack (Fleece/Down sleeping bag liner), Mattress
  • Outerwear: Goretex jacket with hood (waterproof and breathable), Goretex/wind stopper pants (side zippers are convenient), Insulated parka, down or synthetic filled, fleece or wool sweater, Fleece pants or tights, Mid-weight thermal underwear tops and bottom (synthetic or wool), Hiking pants, Long-sleeve shirts, T-shirts, synthetic are best, Underwear
  • Clothing Accessories: Sun hat, Wool or fleece hat (over ears), Wool or fleece gloves, Thin liner gloves, Gaiters
  • Footwear: Mountaineering boots (sturdy and ankle support, water-resistant), types of Socks, Camp shoes (trail shoes or running shoes)
  • City Clothing: Bring a few lightweight, easily washable items for travel and daily wear, Comfortable shoes, (Woman should wear long sleeve shirt, Scarf, long Shirt in the cities)
  • Travel Accessories: headlamp (lithium batteries are best for cold weather), Pocket knife or pocket tool, Ear plugs, Small quantity of favorite energy snacks, hiking staff or trekking poles, Small waterproof pack cover for daypack, Sunglasses with strap (side-shields or glacier glasses recommended), Sun block cream and lip balm, Personal hygiene supplies including biodegradable soap, Small quick-dry towel, Personal first aid kit, medicines, Hand sanitizer gel or hand wipes
  • Optional Field Gear: Camera, memory cards, spare batteries, Battery charging station for cameras or personal electronics, Solar charger for batteries, Travel Adapter (UK to EU), Antibacterial wet wipes
  • Nomad life on Damavand

Damavand with a total area of 2,950 hectares, is one the biggest and unique grassland for shepherds and nomad life. There are more than 500 nomadic families around Damavand. They breeding their sheeps in the summer and migrate to hot areas in the cold winter of Damavand. The Nomads of Damavand are very kind and hospitable, and in addition to breeding sheep, are beekeepers and produces high quality honey. Some of them are working by their mules in mountaineering routes to carrying mountaineer’s backpacks and luggage.

  • Damavand Porters and Horse Riders

As mentioned above, some of the nomads and local people are working as a porters or mule/hours driver in mountaineering routes. Normally they carrying stuff and backpacks for mountaineers, from the end of gravel road (dirt road) to the huts or camping areas. They just working at summer time and good weather, not winter. Also the price of transportation is not too cheap (more than 40 euros for each backpack).

  • Damavand marathon and speed Climbing Records on Damavand

Today sky running is one of the branches of mountain sports and has its fans. In the way, several ski running competition have been held in Damavand since 2002 with the name of Damavand Marathon. The best record ever reached is 3 hours and 3 minutes from asphalt road (~ 2600 m) to the summit.

  • The Oldest & Youngest Summiteers

The oldest summiteer was an Iranian man with 83 years old and the youngest was a 7 years old girl. We do not endorse these reports, in addition that we believe that ascent to the summit of mount Damavand in childhood or old ages are not reasonable.

  • Top 5 Dangers on Mount Damavand

The 5 dangers mistakes on Damavand that cause most of accidents and injured are:

  • Altitude sickness
  • Losing the way
  • Changes of weather
  • Lake of equipment
  • Persist on climbing Damavand summit
  • What is the best food to Eat on Mount Damavand

Everybody knows appreciate the importance of good foods on mountain programs specially on long trekking tours. So, as our policy in Iran Exploration, we strongly recommend you to use fresh vegetables and food instead of canned or long lasting foods.  Don’t forget importance of fresh fruits on your foods plan. On the summer you can easily buy organic fruits from Polour or Raineh.

  • Damavand Permit, Rules & etiquette

like most of the mountains around the world, climbing Damavand has its rules that should to be observed. For start your ascent on Damavand you should to introduce yourself to the IR.Mountain Federation guesthouse in Poulor or Rhineh, and get a 50 $ Permit license to climb Damavand. Otherwise, your climb will be prevented by police. Although, using Mountain Guide in Damavand is compulsory, but if you do not do this, there will not be a problem for you, except in case you need rescue! That you should pay for any supports and rescue operations. So we advise you to use mountain guides for climbing Damavand.

  • Ski touring on Mount Damavand

Are you interested in mountaineering Damavand, but coming down from the mountain is annoying you??? Do you want to climb Damavand peak without walking in the heat of the summer and thirsty??? Do you hate of crowds of hikers and beginner climbers in Damavand summer trekking??? The best choice for you is Ski Turing Damavand. Every year, hundreds of skiers and mountain climbers who know Ski Touring or Ski Mountaineering, comes to climbing Damavand peak.

Damavand slope with angle about 20 to 35 degrees, with appropriate cover and favorable snow conditions, is one of the best and most desirable peaks for mountain skiers. The weather conditions in March, April and May provide you the best, most enjoyable and safest season for skiing on mount Damavand. Imagine, after climbing the summit, within a few hours, you will ski down from a height of 5610 meters to 2,400 meters, take a warm shower, share your photos with your friends and have a relax in the Polour (or Rineh) guesthouse.

On the other hand, quick and easy access to the starting point of ski touring at peaks above 4,000 meters (Doberar mountain ridge) is one of the best alternatives for acclatization process to ski-touring Damavand. Every day you can take a hot and delicious breakfast in the guest house and get out to the starting point of the ski-touring to a 4,000-meter peak in less than 20 minutes (in Doberar mountain ridge with more than 30 summits). Climb the summit, return to your bed at the evening and check your emails.

These attractions and facilities have made Damavand Ski Touring, one of the best options for those who like to climb highest volcano of Asia by Ski.

  • Paragliding on Mount Damavand

Although jumping with paragliders from the summit like Damavand is not so common. But many athletes have done so hard, and they have fulfilled their ambition by jumping from the roof of Iran and the Middle East. In 2010 September, a group of athletes from Kordestan province of Iran, could fly from Damavand peak by paraglider. They had climb summit many times without a good window of weather conditions, but finally they did it.

  • Mountain Biking on Mount Damavand

Thanks to Damavand’s non-technical route on the southern side as well as the dirt road up to 3000 meters high, every year a large number of mountain bikers come here for cycling around and even top the summit of Damavand by their bicycles. From a height of 3000 meters to the top, due to the Damavand slope, in some areas you can ride a bicycle. But on most part of the road, you should carry the bike with your hand or have a high stamina for a cycling. From a height of 4250 meters to the top, it is a sandy and gravel route and requires a lot of cycling skill. However, it’s not wise to climb a 5610-meter summit by bike and carrying it by hand, but many mountain bikers climb Damavand Mountains every year with their bicycles.

Although climbing Damavand peak is difficult and not very attractive with bikes, mountain biking around Mount Damavand (altitude below 3500 m) is very enjoyable and exciting. “Around Mount Damavand” Cycling Tour, “Lar National Park and Lar Dam Lake” Cycling Tour, “From Damavand to Caspian Sea” Cycling Tour are some of the beautiful Mountain Biking Tours in Damavand areas that Iran Exploration performs every year.

  • Services on mount Damavand for mountaineers

Are you alone mountaineer? Are travel independently? Do you want to know which facilities and accommodations you can have in your trip to Damavand? So we can help you by sharing our experiences and knowledge about Damavand.

  • On the cities
  • Transportation

How to reach Damavand from Tehran? As you know mount Damavand paced between Alborz mountain range, and to reach to the foothills of Damavand, there is no way except Haraz mountain road. The easiest and cheapest way from Tehran to Polour village, or Raineh town (start points of Damavand peak), is to go to the “East Terminal” of Tehran by Taxi or Metro, then rent a private car to Polour or Raineh. Or buy a ticket of “Tehran-Amol” or “Tehran-Sari” buses and ask the bus driver to take you off in Polour or Raineh in the middle of the way.

  • Accommodation

There are three guesthouses of I.R Mountain Federation in Polour village, Raineh Town, and Nandal village (north side) in Damavand areas with sleeping rooms, dining room, kitchen, bathroom and etc (note that you should book your space before arrive, especially in high seasons). Also you can rent a private room in local houses of the area and enjoy their people hospitality.

  • Damavand Permit fee and getting allowed to enter the area

For climbing Damavand, every foreign mountaineers should pay 50$ to I.R Mountain Federation of Iran. Also you should inform Federation agents from your group information (name, numbers, itinerary) then getting allowed to climb Damavand peak. If you don’t this, you force back by police and should pay a penalty.

  • Buying foods and needs for climbing Damavand

You can find ever kind of foods and everything you may need for climbing Damavand on Polour or Raineh shops. So you don’t need to bring your heavy stuff and foods from your country.

  • On the mountain
  • Transport

You should rent a 4WD car from Polour or Raineh to bring you to the start point of Mount Damavand. In the south and north route you can rent a mules to carry your backpacks or luggage to the hut.

  • Booking hut (Shelter)

The best hut of mount Damavand is a new hut of southern route. It has a few 6 person rooms and public bedroom with mattress and pillow, dining hall, bathroom, and small shop. If you want to climb Damavand from south room and need accommodation, you book a room or beds (you can ask us for every kind of bookings).

  • Mountain guide for Damavand

Climbing mountains with a mountain guide is necessary in our rules and every foreign mountaineers should climb with professional mountain guide. Although this rule, does not have a strong guarantee of execution, and you will not be fined for it, but in case of any accident or emergency needs, you should pay too much for the services and also there are no insurances coverage for you without mountain guide. So we strongly recommend you, for more safety and guaranteeing successful climbing to Damavand peak, for sure take a professional mountain guide (you can ask us to present you a skillful and professional mountain guide).

  • Is oxygen needed in Damavand summit?

As most of high mountains, air pressure and oxygen content at Damavand Peak is lower than the Earth’s surface. The density of oxygen at the summit of Damavand is about half the sea surface. On the other hand, the presence of sulfur gas in the sulfuric band near the peak makes the breathing very difficult. However, climbing to Damavand in good condition and for healthy climbers does not needed for oxygen supplements.

  • Damavand best itinerary

Depend on your decision and purpose of your trip, Damavand Best Itinerary will be different. For example:

  • Best itinerary for Damavand trekking in summer is;

Day 1: Goosfandsara (The Masque) 3000 m

Day 2: Bargah-e-Sevom 4250 m

Day 3: Acclimatization day

Day 4: Damavand Summit day

Day 5: Return back

  • Best itinerary for Damavand Ski Touring in spring is;

Day 1: Arrive to Polour, rest

Day 2: ski touring to the hut 4250 m

Day 3: Acclimatization or bad weather reservation day

Day 4: Damavand summit day

Day 5: Descend Polour & Hot Spring (SPA)

  • Best itinerary for Damavand winter ascent is;

Day 1: Arrive Polour, rest

Day 2: Start trekking to Goosfandsara 3000 m

Day 3: Continue climbing Damavand to Bargahe Sevom hut 4250m

Day 4: Acclimatization or bad weather reservation day

Day 5: Push summit of mount Damavand

Day 6: Bad weather reservation Day (last chance to push summit)

Day 7: Descend to Polour

  • Best itinerary for Damavand Hiking in Spring is;

Day 1: Arrive Polour, rest

Day 2: Hiking to Gol-e-Zard (Yellow Flower) foothills

Day 3: Walking in Lar National Park

Day 4: Hiking to Goosfandsara 3000 m

Day 5: Larijan Hot Spring

  • Best itinerary for Damavand Mountain Biking in Spring/Autumn is;

Day 1: Arrive Polour, rest

Day 2: Mountain Biking in Lar National Park/ Camping

Day 3: Mountain Biking to Vararou plateau in Damavand west side

Day 4: Mountain Biking to Goosfandsara 3000 m

Day 5: Mountain Biking to Larijan Hot Spring

Also we have many other interesting itineraries around mount Damavand, just tell us your wishes and desires, so our technical team will make a Tailor-Made itinerary for your trip.

  • Family adventure on Damavand

As climbing science has proven, climbing high altitude for children is not recommended. Therefore, Mount Damavand is no exception to this rule, and if you have children less than 10 years of age in your family, we do not advise you to climb Damavand peak. This does not mean that we do not recommend families to come to Damavand area, on the contrary, it should be said that Damavand is not only a high and cold peak, but it has vast pastures, Lar Lake & National Park, beautiful valleys and hospitable nomads, that providing a pleasant environment for an adventure journey to families. So, we suggest you that never put Damavand aside from your list, if you want to have an adventure trip with your family.

  • Damavand difficulty

Finding the difficulty of a mountain is a complex task, because climbing routes are often long and have many complications and hardships. Therefore, difficulty of Damavand mountains varies depending on its routes. On the other hand, there are several different ways to grading the difficulties of mountain paths. so Mountaineering (Alpine climbing) routes are usually graded according to all their different aspects, because they can be very diverse.

Considering all these cases, Damavand’s southern route (normal route) difficulty in summer season, can be as following details:

  • International French adjectival system (IFAS): PD: peu difficile (slightly difficult).
  • Alaskan: Alaska Grade 2: Either a moderate fifth-class one-day climb, or a straightforward multiday nontechnical climb.
  • Russian (post USSR countries): Grade 1B: Easy ascent of a peak between 2000–5000 m over rocks, with sections of snow and ice or mixed ground.
  • British: Moderate (M, or “Mod”)
  • HIKING (Italian system): EE – skilled hikers – Trails are often marked but orienteering skills are actually required: routes usually encounter slippery grassy slopes, short sections of scree (small loose rocks on average angle slopes). Rock outcrops can usually be negotiated without the use of hands, but sometimes hikers could have to climb short rock bands requiring use of hands. Scrambling does not usually require specialized climbing equipment or skills, but hikers can meet with short and easy equipped stretches of trail. Alpine experience, firm and steady step are required. Hikers may also be exposed to heights and have to be trained for a whole day walk.
  • Damavand Environmental concern

As already mentioned, Damavand is an alone and cone volcanic mountain, with unique weather conditions and a special sensitive ecosystem. In addition to its unique attractions, these conditions have made Damavand highly sensitive to changes in human interactions. Mount Damavand is a volcano, and there are many mineral resources around it that tempts people to harvest them. Mineral harvesting has led to high mountain roads in the Damavand slopes and changes in the environment of plants and animals. Fortunately, in recent years, with the local people’s awareness, they have been stopped by these rapes, and Damavand’s ecosystem is recovering. But as we face it all over the world, the most hostile and destructive of the environment is humanity.

  • Rubbish on Mount Damavand

Humans climb mountains, take photos and go back down. But what are they left behind them self?  Rubbish!!!

Fortunately, in recent years, with the advent of social networks and training, most of the climbers are focusing on the mountains’ environment and transferring their waste to cities. But there are still those who ignore environmental issues, and infecting the mountains. Iran Exploration is trying to provide a clear understanding of how to protect the mountains and prevent them from being destroyed by planning and continuing training and raising the level of knowledge of the beginner climbers.

  • How to prepare a successful climb on Mount Damavand?

The answer is very simple. Use experienced guides to climb Mount Damavand. Iran Exploration, with experiences of decade in adventure and outdoor tourism, always uses the best guides, encourages them to learn new knowledge and equip them with new and up-to-date equipment, to provide a high quality services and safety trip for its customers in Iran.

So, the wisest way to make a safe and successful climb to Mount Damavand is to use Iran Exploration’s guides.

  • Need more information about Damavand?

You can find everything about Damavand peak and climbing Damavand in our website. For more information about Mount Damavand and other mountains in Iran, further questions or Tailor-Made tours, please contact us.

2 Comments

  1. DANIELA says:

    Hello,

    We are a group of 15 people coming from Bucharest, Romania, who are preparing to climb Damavand in September 2018.
    We arrive in Tehran on September 13 – around 03:00 hrs, and we already made reservation for the night of 13 September at a hostel in Tehran

    We would like your help – IF POSSIBLE – to prepare for accommodation at: Polour, Goosfandsara and Bergah-e-Sevom

    Can you help? Please let me know.
    Thank you,
    Daniela

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