Are you planning to travel to Iran? Looking for good information about Iran Heritage Tours and sites? Want to have a free Iran Travel Guide Book?
Congratulation! You will find all the necessary information about Iran’s cultural tours, Iran Heritage sites and related tours in this series of posts.
As a best Iran Tour Operator, Iran Exploration team share their experience and knowledge about Iran Heritage Tours and sites, for you freely.
So don’t miss this Heritage information for your Iran Travel.
Iran Heritage Sites and Tours
Iran, with its rich nature, ancient culture and civilization, has 24 UNESCO World Heritage Sites (until March 2020). Of these, 22 are registered as a Cultural World Heritage Sites, and two are Natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Iran was one of the first countries to join the UNESCO World Heritage Convention in February 1975.
Following the introduction of a list of Iranian cultural monuments to UNESCO, subsequently in 1979, TChogha Zenbil, Persepolis, and Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Imam Square in Isfahan) were the first to be registered by Iran in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Subsequently, more works, such as Takht Suleiman, Citadel of Bam and … of Iran, were registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The UNESCO World Heritage Convention was adopted in late 1972 to preserve natural, cultural and historical World Heritage Sites in different countries, regardless of the member’s race, religion or nationality.
In so doing, while preserving the sovereignty of the registrant country, protection is the duty of all members.
Criteria for registering Iran Heritage Sites in UNESCO List
To monuments of Iran (or other countries) be registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it must have one of the following characteristics.
Iran Heritage Cultural Sites should have at least one of the following characteristics:
- It represents a masterpiece of human ingenuity and creativity.
- Represent the exchange of human values over a while in a cultural area in terms of advances in architecture or technology, urban planning or landscape design.
- A unique or at least exceptional testimony to a living or lost cultural tradition or civilization.
- An outstanding example in architecture or technology that represents an important stage in human history.
- Be a prominent example of human-environment interaction or representative of a culture.
- Be of universal importance directly or tangibly related to life events or traditions, thoughts and ideas or works of art or literature.
For example, the TChogha Znabil Temple of Iran, which was registered as a World Heritage Site in 1979, had the number 3 and 4 features on the list. Persepolis in the Shiraz city, as the second Iranian World Heritage Site, had features 1, 3 and 6.
Also, the Naghsh-e Jahan in Isfahan, with criteria 1, 5 and 6 as the third one, was registered on Iran Heritage Site.
Iran Heritage Natural Sites should have at least one of the following characteristics:
- A unique natural phenomenon with exceptional and aesthetic backgrounds.
- An outstanding example of the stages and changes in geological history.
- An outstanding example of environmental and biological processes in terrestrial evolution, coastal and marine ecosystems, and communities of plants and animals.
- It contains important natural habitats for biodiversity and contains endangered species.
Till now (March 2020), of the 24 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran, only two are natural.
Lot Desert was registered as the first natural phenomenon of Iran World Heritage in 2016.
The 50 million-year-old Hyrcanian forests, located south of the Caspian Sea and the northern slopes of the Alborz mountains and Mt. Damavand, became as Iran’s second natural monument in UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2019.
Iran is among the top 10 countries in the world with its many historical, natural and cultural monuments registered in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This capability has made Iran Exploration (as one of the best tour operators in Iran) able to plan and execute a wide variety of UNESCO World Heritage Tours in Iran.
In this post, we will introduce and explain the monument of Iran’s best Heritage sites and related tours.
Of course, considering a large number of these monuments and their large volume of explanations, we present you the Contents in the following three separate articles:
- Historical and cultural monuments of Iran Heritage registered by 2009
- Historical and cultural monuments of Iran Heritage registered from 2009 – 2020
- The Natural phenomenon of Iran Heritage registered in UNESCO list